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Gender Development Research Centre


An article titled Prenatal androgen exposure and children's gender-typed behavior and toy and playmate preferences has been published in Hormones and Behavior by Dr Debra Spencer, Professor Melissa Hines and colleagues. This article reports findings from two studies investigating possible relations of prenatal androgen exposure to a broad measure of children's gender-typed behavior, as well as specifically to children's toy and playmate preferences. Key findings include:

  • Prenatal androgen exposure linked to gender-typed play behavior in girls with CAH.
  • Girls with CAH showed increased preference for boys as playmates.
  • Children without CAH showed large sex differences in gender-typed play behavior.
  • Amniotic fluid testosterone did not relate to gender-typed play behavior.
  • Amniotic fluid testosterone may not be a reliable measure of prenatal androgen.

Anyone clicking on this link before January 08, 2021 will be taken directly to the final version of the article on ScienceDirect, which you are welcome to read or download. No sign up, registration or fees are required.